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A New and Improved Select Bibliography on Hispanic Health, Mental Health and Curanderismo, 1965-2020

© Antonio N. Zavaleta 


 Abad, V., Ramos, J., & Boyce, E.,1974, “A Model for Delivery of Mental Health Services to Spanish-speaking Minorities,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 44, 584-595.


Abbot, N.C., White, A.R, & Ernst, E. 1996, Complimentary medicine, Nature, 381, Access to medical care for documented and undocumented Latinos in a Southern California county, Western Journal of Medicine 154(4): 414-417.


academic performance, and developmental disorders in Spanish-speaking children, Developmental Neuropsychology, 20(1), 355-73.


Achterberg, Jeanne, 1985, Imagery in Healing: Shamanism and Modern Medicine. Boston: New Science Library.


Acosta, F. X,1979, “Barriers between mental health services and Mexican Americans: An examination of a paradox,” American Journal of Community Psychology, 1503-520.


Acosta, F. X., 1984, “Psychotherapy with Mexican-Americans: Clinical and empirical gains”. In Acosta, F. X., Yamamoto, J., Evans, L. A., Skilbeck, W M., 1983, “Preparing low-income Hispanic, black and white patients for psychotherapy: Evaluation of a new orientation program,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 6, 872-877.


Acosta, F. X., Yamamoto, J., Evans, L. A., Skilbeck, W M., 1983, “Preparing low-income Hispanic, black and white patients for psychotherapy: Evaluation of a new orientation program,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 6, 872-877.


Acosta, F. X., Yamamoto, J., Evans, L. A., Skilbeck, W M., 1983, “Preparing low-income Acosta, F.X, 1975, “Mexican-American and Anglo-American Reactions to Ethnically Similar and Dissimilar Psychotherapists. In R. Alvarez (Ed.), Delivery of services for Latino Mental Health Research Center.


Acosta, F.X, 1975, “Mexican-American and Anglo-American Reactions to Ethnically Similar and Dissimilar Psychotherapists. In R. Alvarez (Ed.), Delivery of services for Latino Mental Health Research Center.


Acosta, F.X., & Sheehan, J.G.,1976, “Preferences toward Mexican American and Anglo-American psychotherapists,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44, 272-279.


Acosta, F.X., & Sheehan, J.G.,1978, “Self-disclosure in Relation to Psychotherapy Expertise and Ethnicity”, American Journal of Community Psychology 6, (6), 545-553.


Acosta, F.X., 1979, “Pretherapy Expectations and Definition of Mental Illness Among Minority and Low-Income Patients”, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 1, (4), 403­410.


Acosta, F.X.,1977, “Ethnic Variables in Psychotherapy: The Mexican-American,” In J. L. Martinez, Jr. & R. H. Mendoza (Eds.), Chicano Psychology (pp.215-231). Academic Press: New York.


Adams, R., Briones, E.H., & Rentfro, A.R., 1992, “Cultural considerations; Developing a nursing care system for a Hispanic community,” Nursing Clinics of North America 27(1): 107-117.


Adams, Richard N. & Rubel, Arthur J., 1961, “Sickness and Social Relations,” In Robert Wauchope (Ed.), Handbook of Middle American Indians (pp. 333-356). Austin: University of Texas Press.


Adams-McDarty, K., 1996, “Perceptions of health and illness in Mexico,” The Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health 2(2): 18-22.


Aday, L. A., Chiu, G. Y., & Andersen, R., 1980, Methodological issues in health care surveys of the Spanish heritage population. American Journal of Public Health, 70(4), 367-374.


Aday, L., Anderson, R., & Fleming, G., 1990, Health care in the US: Equitable for whom? Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.


Aday, L.A., Fleming, G.V., & Anderson, R., 1984, Access to medical care in the U.S.: Who has it, who doesn’t? Chicago:


Aftab, Awais, 2014, “Mental Illness vs Brain Disorders: From Szasz to DSM-5,” Psychiatric Times.


Agassi, Joseph & Jarvie, Ian C., 1973, Magic and Rationality Again. British Journal of Sociology, 24(2), 236-245.


Agogino, G.A. & Ferguson, B., 1983, Curanderismo, the folk healer in the Spanish Speaking community. The Master key, 57, 101-106.


Aguilar, Ignacio, 1972, Initial Contacts with Mexican American Families, Social Work, 17, 66-70.


Aguilar-Gaxiola, et. Al., 2012, Community-Defined Solution for Latino Mental Health Care Disparities: California Reducing Disparities Project, Latino Strategic Planning, Workgroup Population Report, UC Davis Center for Reducing Health Disparities.


Aguirre, L. 1978, Alternative Health Practices Along the Western Texas Border. In Modern Medicine and Medical Anthropology in the United States Mexico Border Population. Boris Velimirovic, ed. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization. Scientific Publication no. 359.


Aguirre-Beltran, G., 1963, Medicina y Magia, Mexico, D.F., Instituto Nacional Indigenist.


Aguirre-Molina, M., & Caetano, R., 1994, Alcohol use and alcohol-related issues, In C.W. Molina & M. Aguirre-Molina (Eds.), Washington, DC., American Public Health. 393-424.


Ahmed, Samoon, 2020, “Magic Mushrooms and the Future of Psychology,” Psychology Today.


Ailinger, R. L., 1998, Folk beliefs about high blood pressure in Hispanic immigrants.


Airhihenbuwa, C.O., 1990, A conceptual model for culturally appropriate health education programs in developing countries. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 11 (1), 53-62.


Akridge, Sydney, 2020, “Returning to Roots, Indian Health Service Seeks Traditional Healers,” Kaiser Health News.


Akridge, Sydney, 2020, Traditional American Indian Healers being sought again, Wellness.


Alaimo K., Olson C.M., Frongillo E.A., Jr., 2001, Low family income and food insufficiency in relation to overweight in US children: is there a paradox? Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 155(10), 1161-1167.


Alaniz, M. L., Treno, A.J., & Saltz, R.F.,1999, Gender Acculturation, and Alcohol consumption among Mexican Americans, Substance Use & Misuse 34: 1407-1426.


Alarcon, R. D., 1983, A Latin American perspective on DSM-III. American Journal of Psychiatry, J40, 102-105.


Albanese, Catherine, 1992, America: Religions and Religion (2nd ed.), Belmont: Wadsworth.


Alcaraz, E. M., 2013, Better understanding of Curanderos and traditional practices of Mexican-Americans: Working towards greater cultural competence. Dissertation Abstracts International, 74


Alcina, Frank Jose, 1972, Los Dioses del Panteon Zapoteco, The Gods of the Zapotec Pantheon, Anales de Antropologia, 9, 9-43.


Alcocer, I., 1938, Consideraciones sobre la Medicine Azteca: Apendice a Bernardino de Sahagun Historia de las Cosas de la Nueva Espana, Annotations about Aztec Medicine: appendix to


Alcorn, Janis, 1984, Huastec Mayan Ethnobotany, University of Texas Press.

Aldrete, Ethel, et al., 2000, “Lifetime Prevalence of and risk factors for psychiatric Disorders among Mexican American Migrant Farm Workers in California,” American Journal of Public Health, 90, no. 4, 608-614.


Alegria, D., Guerra, E., Martinez, C., & Meyer, G. G., 1977, El hospital invisible: A study of curanderismo. Archives of General Psychiatry, 34(11), 1354-1357.


Alegria, Margarita, et al., 2008, “Prevalence of mental illness in immigrant and non-immigrant U.S. Latino Groups,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 165, no.3, 359-3669.


Alford, Cynthia, et al., ND, “Mental Health of Elderly Latino Males,” Health Issues in Latino Males, 249-60.

Alfredo López Austin, 1999, Breve Historia de la tradición religiosa Mesoamerica.


Alger, N. (ed.) 1974, The Curandero-Supremo. In Many Answers. New York: West Publishing Co.


Allen, J. M., Lam R. W., Remick, R.A., & Sadovnick, A.D , 1993, Depressive symptoms and family history in seasonal and non-seasonal mood disorders.


Allen, Ruth, 1931, Mexican Peon Women in Texas, Sociology and Social Research, 16, 131-42.


Alonso, L. and Jeffery, W.D., 1988, “Mental Illness Complicated by the Santeria belief in Spirit Possession,” Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 39: 1188-1191.


Alfredo López Austin, 1999, “Breve Historia de la tradición religiosa Mesoamerica.


Al-Snih, S., Markides, K.S., Ray, L. & Goodwin, J.S., 2001, Impact of pain on disability among older Mexican Americans, Journals of Gerontology Series A, Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, 56A (7), M400-4.


Altarriba, J., & Bauer, L. M., 1998, Counseling the Hispanic client: Cuban Americans, Mexican Americans, and Puerto Ricans. Journal of Counseling & Development, 76(4), 389.


Alvarado, A. L. 1978, Utilization of Ethnomedical Practitioners and Concepts within the Framework of Western Medicine. In Modern Medicine and Medical Anthropology in the United States-Mexico Border Population. Boris Velimirovic, ed. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization. Scientific Publication no. 359.


Alvarado, Neyra, 1991, Medicina Mixe: Chupadores, adivinos y parteras, Ojarasca, 3:23-26.


Alvarez, (Ed.), 1975, Delivery of Services for Latino Community Mental Health. (Monograph No.2.) Los Angeles, Ca., Spanish Speaking Mental Health Research Center.


Alvarez, David & Frank D. Bean, 1976, The Mexican American. In Robert Habenstein & Childs H. Mindel (Eds.), Ethnic Families in America: Patterns and Variations (pp. 271-92). New York: Elsevier.


Alvarez, Heydenreich, Laurencia, 1992, Tipos de Curanderos en Hueyapan, Morales.  In: La Antropologia medica en Mexico, Vol. 2, Roberto Campos Navarro, pp.127-138, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico.


Alvarez R., 1974, Latino Community Mental Health, Latino Mental Health Monograph 1., Los Angeles: Spanish Speaking Research Center.


Alvarez, Robert R., 1995, The Mexican-US Border: The Making of an Anthropology of the Borderlands, Annual Review of Anthropology, 24, 447.


Amaro, H. & de la Torre, A., 2002, Public health needs and scientific opportunities in research on Latinas, American Journal of Public Health, 92(4), 525-529.


Amaro, H., Raj, A., Vega, R.R., Mangione, T.W. & Perez, L.N. (2001), Racial/ethnic disparities in the HIV and substance abuse epidemics: communities responding to the need, Public Health Reports, 116(5), 434-448.


American Medical Association, 1991, Hispanic health in the United States, JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 265(2), 248-252.

American Medical Association, 1991, Hispanic health in the United States, JAMA, The Journal American Medical Association, 2019, ICD-10-CM: The Complete Official Codebook.


American Psychiatric Association, 1994, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed), Washington, DC:


Amy, W., 2005, Integrating culturally based approaches with existing interventions for Hispanic/Latino families coping with schizophrenia. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 42(2), 178-197.


Anaya, R. 1972, Bless Me Última, Warner Books Edition, New York.


Anaya, Rodolfo A. & Lomeli, Francisco (Eds.),1989, Aztlan: Essays on the Chicano Homeland, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.


Anaya, Rodolfo A., 1984, The Legend of La Llorona, Berkeley: Tonatiuh-Quinto Sol.


Anaya, Rodolfo A., 1988, Lord of the Dawn: The Legend of Quetzalcoatl, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.


Andersen, R. M., brown, E.R., et al., 2006, Variation in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use across Racial/Ethnic groups and the development of ethnic-specific measures of CAM use. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(3), 281-290.


Anderson N.L.R. & Flaskerud J.H., 2001, Reducing health disparities through academic and community research collaboration: reducing health disparities for people with diabetes in a Latino community. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference/15th Annual WIN Assembly, Health Care Challenges Beyond 2001: Mapping the Journey for Research and Practice, Seattle, Washington.


Anderson, R., Giachello, A., & Aday, A.,1986, Access to Hispanics in health care and cuts in services: A state of the art review, Public Health Report 101:


Anderson, R., Lewis, S., Giachello, A., Aday, L., & Chiu, G., 1991, Access to medical care among the Hispanic population of the Southwestern United States, Journal of Health and Social Behavior 22: 78-89.


Anderson, Robert, 1987, The Treatment of Musculoskeletal Disorders by a Mexican Bonesetter, Social Science and Medicine, 24:1, 43-46.


Andrade, S., 1982, Social science stereotypes of the Mexican American woman: Policy implications for research. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 4, 223-244.


Andreacchio, 2013 The Role of Psychoactive Substances as Entheogens and Medicines in Pre-Columbian Mexico, MA Thesis, Latin American Studies, University College London


Andrés-Hyman, R. C., Ortiz, J., Añez, L. M., Paris, M., & Davidson, L., 2006, Culture and clinical practice: Recommendations for working with Puerto Ricans and other Latinas(os) in the united states. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 37(6), 694-701.


Andrews, R. and Ross, Hassig, Hernando Ruiz de Alarcon, 1987, Treatise on the Heathen Superstitions, University of Oklahoma Press.


Andrews, R.M. & Elixhauser, A., 2000, Use of major therapeutic procedures: are Hispanics treated differently than non-Hispanic Whites, Ethnicity & Disease, 10(3), 384-394.


Andrulis, D.P.,1977, Ethnicity as a variable in the utilization and referral patterns of a comprehensive mental health center, Journal of Community Psychology, 5, 231-237.


Aneshensel, C. S., Clark, V.A. & Frerichs, R.R., 1983, Race, ethnicity, and depression: A confirmatory analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44: 385-398.


Aneshensel, C., Frerichs, R. & Huba, G., 1984, Depression and Physical Illness: A Multiwave, Nonrecursive Causal Model, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 25.


Anesheusel, C., Becerra, R., Fielder, E., & Schuler, R (1990), Onset of fertility-related events during adolescence: A prospective comparison of Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic white females, American Journal of Public Health 80: 959-963.


Andersen, R.M., Brown, E.R., et al., (2006), Variation in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use across Racial/Ethnic groups and the development of ethnic-specific measures of CAM use. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(3), 281-290.


Angel, R &. Guarnaccio, P.J. (1989), Mind, body, and culture: Somatization among Hispanics, Social Science and Medicine 28, 1229.


Angel, R. J. & Worobey J.L. (1991), Intra group differences in the health of Hispanic children, Social Science Quarterly 72(2): 361-378.


Anzaldua, Gloria, E, 1987, Borderlands: La Frontera The New Mestiza, Aunt Lute Books.


Anzures y Bolano, Maria del Carmen, 1989, La Medicina Traditional en Mexico: Proceso historico, sincretismo y conflictos, UNAM, Mexico   


Applewhite, S.L., 1995, “Curanderismo: Demystifying the health beliefs and of elderly Mexican Americans,” Health and Social Work, 20, 247-253.


Applewhite, S.R., et al., 2009, “Mental Health Perspectives on Elderly Latinos in the United States,” In, Health Issues in Latino Males, 235.


Aranda, M.P., Lee, P.J. & Wilson, S. (2001), Correlates of depression in older Latinos, Home Health Care Services Quarterly, 20(1), 1-20.


Aranda-Naranjo, B., Gaskins, S., Bustamante, L., Lopez, L.C. & Rodriquez, J. (2000), La desesperacion: migrant and seasonal farm workers living with HIV/AIDS, Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 11(2), 22-28.


Arce, A. A., & Torres-Matrullo, C. (1982). Application of cognitive behavioral techniques in the treatment of Hispanic patients. Psychiatric Quarterly, 54(4), 230-236.


Arcia, E., Keyes, L., Gallagher, J.J (1994), Indicators of developmental and functional status of Mexican-American and Puerto Rican children, Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 15(1): 27-32.


Arcia, E., Skinner, M., Bailey, D. & Correa, V. (2001), Models of acculturation and health behaviors among Latino immigrants to the US., Social Science & Medicine, 53(1), 41-53.


Arenas, S, 1983, Curanderos and mental health professionals: their perceptions of psychopathology, Doctoral Dissertation, Washington State University.


Arenas, S.,, 1980, Curanderos and Mental Health Professionals: Comparative Study on Perceptions of Psychopathology, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2, 407-420.

Argandona, M., & Kiev, A. (1972), Mental health in the developing world – a case study in Latin America, New York: The Free Press.

Argueta, Villamar, et. al. 1994, Atlas de plantas de la medicina tradicional Mexicana, 3 vols. Instituto National Indigenista, Mexico.


Argueta, Villamar, 1994, Nuevo Bibliografia de la medicina tradicional en Mexico, 2 vols., Instituto Nacional Indigenista, Mexico. 


Arias, H. y F. Costas N.D. Plantas Medicinales. Mexico: Biblioteca Practica.


Armendariz, Beatrice, A., 2005, In Search of a Mexican American perspective on health care:  An examination of curanderismo and the elderly females’ healing process, Dissertation, Smith College School of Social Work.


Armijo, L.P. (1978), The curanderos movement in the U.S. La Luz, 7, 21.


Arnold, Charles, A., 1928, The Folklore, Manners, and Customs of Mexicans in San Antonio, Texas, M.A. thesis, University of Texas.


Aros, J. R., Buckingham, P., & Rodriguez, X. On machismo, grief abreactions, and Mexican culture: The case of Mr. X, the counselor, and the curandera. Journal of Personal & Interpersonal Loss, 4(1; 1), 85-93.


Arrastia, Cecilio. (1975), Theological Education for Hispanic-American Clergymen in the United States: Study of part of a Planning Process, Ph.D. diss., University of Princeton


Arredondo-Holden, J. (1978), La Salud mental de La Raza: Curanderas and mental health centers in two Mexican-American communities, Dissertation Abstracts International.


Arroyo, J. A. (1996), Psychotherapist bias with Hispanics: An analog study, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 18, 21-28.


Arvigo, Rosita & Balick, M. (1993), Rainforest Remedies, Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.


Arvigo, Rosita, (1995), Sastun. San Francisco, CA: Harper Collins


Arya, R., Duggirala, R., Almasy, L., Rainwater, D.L., Mahaney, M.C., Cole, S. et al. (2002), Linkage of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations to a locus on chromosome 9p in Mexican Americans, Nature Genetics, 30(1), 102-105.


Atkinson, J. (1992), Shamanism today, Annual Review of Anthropology, 21, 307-330.


Atunes, George, et al. (1974), Ethnicity, Socio-economic Status and the Etiology of Psychological Distress, Sociology and Social Research, 58(4), 361-368.


Atwood, L.D., Samollow, P.B., Hixson, J.E., Stern, M.P. & MacCluer, J.W. (2001), Genomewide linkage analysis of blood pressure in Mexican Americans, Genetic Epidemiology – Supplement, 20(3), 373-382.


Augurios y Abusiones: Textos de los Informantes de Sahagun, Auguries and Superstitions: Texts of the Informants of Sahagun, (1969), Serie de Cultura Fuentes,


Austin, L.T., Ahmad, F., McNally, M.J. & Stewart, D.E. (2002), Breast and cervical cancer screening in Hispanic women: a literature review using the health belief model, Review, [30 refs], Womens Health Issues,12(3), 122-128.


Avalos, Guadalupe, 2001, A Study of the Relationship between acculturation and utilization of health services among Latino immigrant families, Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.


Aviera, A. (1996). ‘Dichos’ therapy group: A therapeutic use of Spanish language proverbs with hospitalized Spanish-speaking psychiatric patients. Cultural Diversity & Mental Health, 2(2), 73-87.


Avila, E. (2000). Woman who glows in the dark:  A curandera reveals traditional Aztec secrets of physical and spiritual health. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam.


Avila, Ines Hernandez. (2001), Dispelling the sombras: grito mi nombre con rayos de luz, In Telling to Live: Latina Feminist Testimonios by the Latina Feminist Group, Durham, Duke University Press.

Axelson, J.A. (1993), Counseling and development in a multicultural society, (2nd ed.), Pacific Grove, CA., Brooks Cole.

Ayala, G.X., Elder, J.P., Campbell, N.R., Engelberg, M., Olson, S., Moreno, C. et al. (2001), Nutrition communication for a Latino community formative research foundation, Family & Community Health, 24(3), 72-87.


Ayala, P. (1971), Curanderos, Paper presented to the staff of the Pelsin Mental Health Center, Chicago.


Ayala, P. (1972, April), Folk practices, folk medicine, and curanderos on the west side of Chicago, Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Miami.


Ayra, R., et al., 2002, Factors of insulin resistance syndrome—related phenotypes are linked to genetic locations on chromosomes 6 and 7 in nondiabetic Mexican Americans, Diabetes, 51(3), 841-847.


Azima, F. and Grizenko, N. (eds) (1996). Immigrant and Refugee Children and their Families: The Role of Culture in Assessment and Treatment. Madison, CT: International University Press.


Azocar, F., Arean, P., Miranda, J. & Munoz, R.F. (2001), Differential item functioning in a Spanish translation of the Beck Depression Inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57(3), 355-365.




Babb, Jewell & Taylor, Pat Ellis. (1981), Border Healing Woman: The Story of Jewell Babb as told to Pat Ellis Taylor, Austin, University of Texas Press.


Baca Zinn, M. (1995), Social science theorizing for Latino families in the age of diversity, In R.E. Zambrana (Ed.), Understanding Latino families, Thousand Oaks, CA. Sage Publications. 177-189.


Baca Zinn, M. B. (2001), Chicano men and masculinity, In M.S. Kimmel & M.A. Messner (Eds.), Men’s Lives 5th ed., 24-32. Boston, MA.  Allyn and Bacon.


Baca, J. 1969, Some Health Beliefs of the Spanish Speaking Americans, Journal of Nursing 69:2171-2176.


Baca, J., 1978, Some health beliefs of the Spanish speaking, In Hispanic Culture and Health Care, pp.92-98.


Baca-Zinn, M.,1980, Employment and education of Mexican American women: The interplay of modernity and ethnicity in eight families. Harvard Educational Review, 50(1), 47-62.

Badr Zahr, L.K. (2001), Quantitative and qualitative predictors of development for low-birth weight infants of Latino background, Applied Nursing Research, 14(3), 125-135.


Baekelund, F., & Lundwall, L. (1975), Dropping out of treatment: A critical review. Psychological Bull, 82, 738-783.


Baer, Eva. (1970), Inference of Physical Pain and Psychological Stress, Nursing Research, 19, 388-392.


Baer, J. (1999), Family relationships, parenting behavior, and adolescent deviance in three ethnic groups, Families in Society 80: 279-286.


Baer, R.D., Clark, L., & Peterson, C. (1998), Folk illnesses. In S. Loue (Ed.), Handbook of Immigrant Health, (pp. 183-202), New York, NY, Plenum Press.


Baez, A. and Hernandez, D., 2001, “Complementary spiritual beliefs in the Latino community: The Interface with psychotherapy,” The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71, 408-415.


Bahr, D. (1974), Piman Shamanism and Staying Sickness, Tucson, University of Arizona Press.


Bailey, Helen Miller & Nasatir, Abraham P. [1960] (1973), Latina America, The Development of Its Civilization, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc.


Balcazar, H., Castro, F.G., & Krull, J.L. (1995), Cancer risk reduction in Mexican American women: The role of acculturation, education, and health risk factors, Health Education Quarterly 22(1): 61-84.


Balcazar, H., Peterson, G.W., & Kull, J.L. (1997), Acculturation and family cohesiveness in Mexican American pregnant women, Social and Health implications. Family & Community Health. 20(3): 16-31.


Baldwin, De Witt & Weisenberg, M. (1977), The Role of Psychological Factors in Reducing Patient Reaction to Pain, Reno, University of Nevada. (Mimeographed).


Balick, M., et. al., 2000, Medicinal Plants used by Latino healers for women’s health conditions in New York City, Journal of Economic Botany, 54: 344-357.


Ballow, C., & Sugerman, S. (1995), High risk nutrient intake among low income Mexican women in Chicago, Journal of the Dietetic Association, 95, 1409-1413.


Balon, R., 2001, Positive and negative aspects of split-treatment, Psychiatric Annals, vol. 31, no.10, 598-603


Bamlund, Dean C. (1976), The Mystification of Meaning: Doctor-Patient Encounters.


Bannon, John F. (1968), Bolton and the Spanish Borderlands, Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.


Bansal, Janaki, 2017, Critical reflection on psychiatry: could Thomas Szasz still have relevance in modern medical practice? NCBI, NLM, NIH,


Barba de Pina Chan, Beatriz, 1980, Curanderia y magia en el Distrito Federal, Antropologia e Historia, 30:57-66.


Barcelona de Mendoza, V. (2001), Culturally appropriate care for pregnant Latina women who are victims of domestic violence. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 30(6), 579-588.


Bard, C. L. 1930, Medicine and Surgery Among the First Californians. Touring Topics.


Barfield, Owen. (1965), Saving the Appearances: A Study in Idolatry, New York, Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc.


Barkil-Oteo, Andres, 2013, Collaborative Care for Depression in Primary Care: How Psychiatry could Troubleshoot current treatments and practices, Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 86(2) 139-146.


Barnhill, John, Editor, 2014, DSM-5 Clinical Cases, American Psychiatric Association Publishing.


Barrera Vazquez, Alfredo, (1969), Conocimiento Empirico y Pensamiento Magico Barrera, M., Jr., 1978, Mexican American mental health service utilization: A critical examination of some proposed variables. Community Mental Health Journal, 14(1)35-45.


Barrera, M., 1978, “Mexican American Mental Health Service Utilization,” Community Mental Health Journal, 14:35-45.


Barrera, M., Jr., Caples, H. & Tein, J.Y. (2001), The psychological sense of economic hardship: measurement models, validity, and cross-ethnic equivalence for urban families, American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(3), 493-517.


Barrera, Mario. (1979), Race and Class in the Southwest, A Theory of Racial Inequality.


Barrett, Leonard E. (1980), Healing in a Balm yard: The Practice of Folk Healing in Jamaica, W.I., In Hand, American Folk Medicine, The University of California Press.


Barrett, R.,1996, The Psychiatric Team and the Social Definition of Schizophrenia: An Anthropological Study of Person and Illness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Barrio, C. (2001), Culture and schizophrenia: a cross-ethnic growth curve analysis, Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 189(10), 676-684.


Bassett, D.R., Jr., Fitzhugh, E.C., Crespo, C.J., King, G.A. & McLaughlin, J.E. (2002), Physical activity and ethnic differences in hypertension prevalence in the United States, Preventive Medicine, 34(2), 179-186.


Bastida, E., Cuellar, I. & Villas, P. (2001, Summer), Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and related conditions in a south Texas Mexican American sample, Journal of Community Health Nursing, 18(2), 75-84.


Bastien, Joseph W. (1987), Healers of the Andes: Kallawaya Herbalists and their Medicinal Plants, Salt Lake City, University of Utah Press


Bastien, Joseph. (1992), The Drum and the Stethoscope, Salt Lake City, University of Utah Press.

Bateson, Gregory, (1972), Steps to an Ecology of Mind, New York: Ballentine Books.


Bateson, Gregory, Jackson, Don D., Haley, Jay & Weakland, John, (1956), Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia, Behavioral Science,1, 251-264.


Bathe, O.F., Caldera, H., Hamilton-Nelson, K., Franceschi, D., Sleeman, D., Levi, J.U. et al. (2001), Influence of Hispanic ethnicity on outcome after resection of carcinoma of the head of the pancreas, Cancer, 91(6), 1177-1184.


Bautista de Domanico, Y., Crawford, I., & De Wolf, A.S (1994), Ethnic identity and self-concept in Mexican-American adolescents: Is bicultural identity related to stress or better adjustment? Child and Youth Care Forum 23: 197-207.


Bayard, M. P., 1978, Ethnic identity and stress: The significance of sociocultural context. In J. M. Casas & S. E. Keefe (Eds.), Family and mental health in the Mexican American community (Monograph No. 7, pp. 109-123). Los Angeles: University of California, Spanish Speaking Mental Health Research Center.

Baytelman, Bernardo, 1986, De enfermos y curanderos: Medicina tradicional en Morelos, Instituto Nacional de Anthropologia e Historia.


Bean, F.D., Corona, R., Tuiran, R., Woodrow-Lafield, K.A. & Van Hook, J. (2001), Circular, invisible, and ambiguous migrants: components of difference in estimates of the number of unauthorized Mexican migrants in the United States, Demography, 38(3), 411-422.


Bean, Frank D. & Bradshaw, Benjamin S. (1970), Intermarriage Between Persons of Spanish and Non-Spanish Surname: Changes from the Mid-Nineteenth to the Mid-Twentieth Century, Social Science Quarterly, 51, 389-95.


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Dr. Tony Zavaleta grew up in Brownsville and is a member of one of the 13 founding families of northern Mexico. He is the nephew of Dr. Joe Zavaleta and Prax Orive, each of whom served on the TSC Board.

Dr. Zavaleta graduated from Saint Joseph Academy in 1964 and entered Texas Southmost College, graduating and transferring to The University of Texas at Austin in 1966, where he completed a Ph.D. in Anthropology in 1976. Moving back to Brownsville in 1976, Dr. Zavaleta began teaching sociology and anthropology at Texas Southmost College and at Pan American University at Brownsville. Dr. Zavaleta became the first Dean of the College of Liberal Arts for UTB/TSC, and also served as the Dean of the College of Mathematics and Science and Technology. He next served as Vice President for Partnership Affairs, where he coordinated all of the work between the TSC Board and UTB, and then became the Vice President for External Affairs, which included governmental relations and all external programs such as Workforce Training and Continuing Education. Dr. Zavaleta served as Interim Provost, the chief operating officer of UTB/TSC, and then as the Associate Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs. In 2011 he retired from the administration to return to full-time teaching. Dr. Zavaleta retired in May 2016 after 40 years of service.

Dr. Zavaleta is regarded as one of the top experts on the US-Mexico Border, and frequently speaks throughout Mexico and the U.S. Dr. Zavaleta was appointed to two Federal commissions by Presidents Reagan and Obama, and he served two terms on the Brownsville City Commission, followed by a term on the City of Brownsville Civil Service Commission.

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